July 1992 (vol. 8, #4) 1601 N Tucson Blvd #9, Tucson AZ 85716 c 1992 Physicians for Civil Defense


In his State of the Union message, President George Bush said that the United States of America is the undisputed leader of the age.

``The Cold War didn't end,'' he proclaimed. ``It was won.''

We also won in the Gulf, he stated. ``We liberated Kuwait.''

It is a ``time for pride,'' all the more so because the ``world trusts us with power.'' Despite the dramatic military cuts that he outlined, the US will have to continue to shoulder the responsibility of defending world democracy because ``isolationism in the pursuit of security is no virtue.''

A different view was presented by Sam Cohen at the Tenth Annual Meeting of Doctors for Disaster Preparedness on July 11 in Costa Mesa, CA. The author of We Can Prevent World War III and The Truth About the Neutron Bomb, Cohen is best known as the inventor of the neutron bomb.

A Shabby History

In Cohen's view, the US has not won a single victory since World War II, while expending unnecessarily vast amounts of money and blood on foreign adventures, to the detriment of ourselves and many other countries. The Vietnam War ``put me on the path to becoming an isolationist.''

At the time of the Cold War victory attributed to the Reagan-Bush military build-up, the US was ``second-best by a country mile'' in every category, nuclear and nonnuclear. ``I find that remarkable,'' Cohen said, and ``I don't know the explanation except that the Soviets decided to cave in. To what extent they have caved in militarily, I get back to the ignorance factor. Our intelligence has never been good enough to be able to determine exactly what the status of the Soviet military really is.''

Cohen cited arms control negotiations that were stalled because the Soviets claimed to have no information about the strength of their own forces. The impasse was resolved when the US offered to tell them what we thought they had. They accepted our numbers, except for telling us that they had 600 SS-20s, not just the 400 we already knew about.

In Cohen's view, the Gulf War was a nonwar that left us worse off than we were before. ``As far as Hitler II is concerned, he's still alive, not in Argentina but in Baghdad, and is busy plotting another war as far as we can see.''

Cohen was not impressed with the performance of smart weapons. ``When they did work smartly, they didn't hit anything of any value because the Iraqis understood what countermeasures were all about.'' The Patriot missile's effectiveness was far less than the 90% claimed by President Bush, Cohen said.

Nuclear Mythology

The worst threat to our national security is the mythology that underlies our entire military policy, in Cohen's view. Our policymakers don't like nuclear weapons, so they pretend that they don't exist. Neither the US government nor the military has ever taken them seriously. Cohen calls massive retaliation an immoral threat ``which is deplorable beyond imagination.'' But the US never had the ability to carry out its official doctrine of counterforce. ``We never had a target system,'' Cohen said. ``We had objects like holes in the ground, silos,'' but we don't really know what is in them.

Cohen believes that arms control treaties are grossly dishonest and purely political, but he is not worried about the impending emasculation of our strategic arsenal down to a small fraction of its current size, and he favors drastic cuts in conventional forces.

A more worrisome decision was made with no fanfare or media attention a decision that Bush did not mention in his State of the Union message.

According to Cohen, the whole class of tactical nuclear weapons, including the neutron bomb, has been discarded by President Bush, who has announced his intention, unilaterally, to demolish the entire stockpile. Not to withdraw it from Europe or to mothball it, but to irrevocably destroy it.

Were it not for nuclear mythology the assertion that one use of any nuclear warhead anywhere is tantamount to blowing up the world Cohen believes that tactical nuclear weapons would have enabled us to defend our allies and our own interests with consummate ease. Such weapons are not only far cheaper than conventional weapons, but far more discriminating. They would enable a country to defend itself against aggression without destroying itself in the process.

``We may rue the day when Bush made the decision to destroy those weapons,'' Cohen stated.

The Best Defense Is Defense

Although Cohen is a stalwart proponent of strategic defense, he stated that he would vote against deploying the system as presently constructed. ``It is grossly immoral for the government to fail to protect American lives in the most effective possible way.''

``Easily the most effective way to do any military task including SDI is to use nuclear warheads. That what we did when we began to build our first SDI system known as Safeguard.'' The Soviets have relied exclusively on nuclear warheads for their anti-ballistic missile system. Cohen finds compelling reasons to believe that the Soviet ABM system currently offers nationwide protection.

Cohen's strongest recommendation concerned civil defense. ``It's a system that speaks for itself. It's just so obvious how effective civil defense can be in potentially saving millions of American lives. Unlike SDI, it doesn't have to be operated. A hole in the ground is a hole in the ground. It's not all full of microelectronics. All you have to do to run it is to run into it, and the chances of surviving go up enormously.

``But since we all agree that a nuclear war will never start, and since nuclear weapons don't even exist except in people's minds, we can relax,'' Cohen said.

Has the United States won a final victory against every conceivable future threat (as well as every past threat)?


Chemical-Biological Warfare Updates

Former Soviet Empire. Azeri officials allege that Armenian helicopters have been dumping bags of infectious biological agents in the Kelbadzhar and other regions of Azerbaijan. An investigation has been called for.

The Azerbaijani Defense Ministry also reports that the city of Shusha was bombarded by Armenian artillery, using chemical munitions containing ``substances of the cyanide group.'' Four persons were hospitalized. The People's Yugoslav Army claimed that poison gas of an unknown type has been used by Croatian forces in Bosnia-Hercegovina.

Iraq. CIA Director Robert Gates testified to the US Senate that Iraq had a biological weapons program, although the regime never admitted to it or surrendered toxins or weapons. According to the final Defense Department report on the Kuwait War, the Iraqi program, which began in the late 1970s, concentrated on the development of botulinum toxin and anthrax bacteria. Large-scale production of these agents began in 1989. Delivery means ranged from simple aerial bombs and artillery rockets to surface-to-surface missiles.

Botulinum toxin is 3 million times more potent than the nerve agent sarin. In ideal weather conditions, a Scud missile warhead could contaminate an area of 3,700 square kilometers with botulinum toxin, or 16 times greater than the same warhead filled with sarin.

Chemical Weapons Convention Bulletin, June, 1992


Nuclear Proliferation News

SS-20s and Other Soviet Exports. Six Republican Senators are trying to confirm a report that a Ukrainian Defense Ministry official tried to sell an SS-20 missile to a US businessman.

In June, 1991, Moscow declared that its 654 SS-20s had all been destroyed as required by the INF Treaty, except for two museum pieces. Intelligence analysts believe that actual production of SS-20s may have been as many as 2,250 (High Frontier Newswatch, June, 1992).

Iran has reportedly obtained two nuclear warheads that vanished from the Semipalatinsk nuclear base in Kazakhstan (High Frontier Newswatch July, 1992).

India, Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, and Brazil are now host to about 60 former Soviet nuclear scientists. Representatives of would-be nuclear powers are in Moscow inquiring about the availability of nuclear technology components. And a company formed by nuclear experts, Chetek, is offering to see nuclear explosions for commercial purposes (Science 256:1293-1297, May 29, 1992).

China Tests One-Megaton Bomb. On May 21, China set off the largest underground nuclear test it has ever conducted. The bomb was described as a ``city-buster.'' Experts believe that the Chinese are trying to develop high-yield warheads for long-range missiles. China is not a party to the Threshold Test Ban Treaty, which limits US and Soviet underground tests to yields under 150 kilotons.

The Chinese are reportedly selling missile technology to Middle Eastern nations (New York Times, May 22, 1992).


ABM Treaty Lives On

The ABM Treaty has survived the demise of the Soviet Union because Russia has assumed the Soviet treaty obliga-tions.

Pentagon analysts have stated that the Treaty pre-cludes even the most rudimentary defense of the nation, such as the land-based 100-interceptor system endorsed by a Capitol Hill coalition in the wake of Patriot successes in the Gulf War.

Dr. Henry Cooper, director of the Strategic Defense Initiative, said that his office had not concluded that the 100 interceptors would violate the treaty. But, he added, ``I will say that any meaningful defense of the country will go beyond the terms of the treaty'' (New York Times, June 4, 1992).


New Collective Security

In the view of UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the concept of world security is becoming less a military matter and ``instead, is acquiring an economic and ecological dimension.'' Mr. Boutros-Ghali opened the ``Earth Summit'' in Rio de Janeiro by appealing to the nations of the world to embark on a new era of collective security by redirecting military spending-specifically ``cold war'' military spend-ing-toward environmental protection (NY Times June 4, 1992.)


The Green Church

Science is based on reproducible observations; religion is based on faith. The three great fake religions of the 20th century-Brown, Red, and now Green-are also based on faith, while pretending to be based on science. Petr Beckmann explained the implications in his banquet address at the DDP meeting on July 11 (see enclosed tape order form).

The Green Church is also based on money. The National Wildlife Federation has an annual budget of $87.2 million and a staff of 860. The Sierra Club has an annual budget of $35.2 million and 290 staff members. The largest environmentalist organization, Greenpeace, has 2.3 million members, each paying $20 per year toward a total budget of $50.2 million. Using direct mail, an army of door-to-door recruiters, and evangelical zeal, Green-peace has doubled its membership in the past two years. The $67.4 million annual budget of Ducks Unlimited is extremely useful in keeping farmers from obtaining exemptions from ``Swamp-buster,'' a program that withholds subsidies from farmers who drain ``wetlands.''

Outside magazine reported on 21 of these organizations. Their total combined annual budget was $535,607,650; total membership 7,769,000; staff 3,806.

The basic tenets of the new religion are that agriculture was the ``fall'' of man. Salvation can be achieved only by returning to a state of nature. The Endangered Species Act proclaims for itself a God-given mission like that of Noah. (The human species might be left out of the ark, as it has become ``a viral epidemic to the earth, the AIDS of the earth,'' according to Paul Watson, a founder of Greenpeace.)

A steady stream of Green priests are entering key govern-ment positions to help force the religion on the public. William Reilly, head of the EPA, was the former president of the Conservation Foundation and World Wildlife Fund (Merritt Lamb, Eco-Logic, PO Box 9, Maywood, IL 60153).