CIVIL DEFENSE PERSPECTIVES

July 1993 (vol. 9, #5) 1601 N Tucson Blvd #9, Tucson AZ 85716 c 1993 Physicians for Civil Defense

SENDING A MESSAGE

In our Communications Age, many messages are sent by airmail, though methods as primitive as smoke signals are not ruled out. The lingua franca appears to be use or threat of deadly force. The messages are not always well understood.

USA to Iraq. President Clinton sent a ``strong'' but sensitive message to Saddam Hussein in the form of cruise missiles that bombed a building and killed a few civilians.

Iraq to Iraqis, USA, and UN. Lt-Gen Amer Rashid of the Iraqi Military Industries Commission, reportedly told Chief UN Inspector Santesson that if his subordinates provide anything beyond technical answers, he will ``break their backs.'' The General also was reported as saying that he would break the neck of any Iraqi providing the UN with the names of people involved in the weapons of mass destruction program. The Iraqi government described these reports as ``imprecise.''

In December, 1992, Robert Gates, then Director of the CIA, said that ``Iraq could restart limited chemical and biological weapons production virtually overnight; a militarily significant amount of biological weapons could be produced in a matter of weeks'' (Chemical Weapons Convention Bulletin, March, 1993).

In April, 1993, traces of the nerve gas sarin were identified in materials collected in 1992 from the site of a 1988 attack by Hussein against Kurdish civilians (correspondence from former Buchenwald prisoner Aubin Heyndrickx, now a toxicologist).

In February, 1993, a journalist from the London Observer reported that government forces are poisoning waters of the Howeiza marshes as part of the continuing suppression of the Shia resistance (CWCB, June, 1993).

Witnesses testifying before the House of Representatives stated that Iraq is poised to rebuild its nuclear weapons program, using billions of dollars in financial assets hidden abroad and being funneled through a network based in Amman, Jordan; Geneva; and Vienna. UN inspectors have been denied access to military sites and refused permission to set up cameras at a facility that tests rocket engines (Wall Street J 6/30/93).

US Troops to US Government. Desert Storm troops kept chickens near their quarters to act as CBW-detectors, as the Army had almost no capability to detect biological weapons.

US Government and Advocacy Group Respond. According to a February 25 report by the General Accounting Office, in the six years before Desert Storm less than 7% of total chemical and biological detection research and development funds went to biological agent detection. The Department of Defense stated that this was because their analyses showed the use of biological agents to be unlikely. This assessment has been revised, and 30% of the budget is now devoted to BW agent detection, but according to the GAO the Army is still not doing enough to detect emerging threats such as microencapsulated and genetically engineered organisms (CWCB, June, 1993).

The Department of Defense budget request for Fiscal Year 1994 would increase the current Biological Defense Program by 54% to $170.8 million. The budget document states that 38 Biological Integrated Detection Systems could be ``rapidly fielded to the Army beginning in 1996.'' (At present, US armed forces still have no BW-agent detection equipment.)

The BIDS uses off-the-shelf instrumentation, including an aerosol-particle counter/sizer, a bioluminescence analyzer, a liquid-particle counter/sizer, a particle sampler, and a manual antibody-based detector. Among the agents that BIDS is required to detect and identify are anthrax and plague bacteria, botulinal toxin A, and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (CWCB June, 1993).

In April, a nonprofit organization called the Center for Public Integrity criticized the US Army's Biological Defense Research Program, concluding that ``because a credible medical defense for biological warfare defies scientific logic in the age of genetic engineering, the program offers a false sense of security.'' In addition, the report criticizes the focus on exotic diseases not currently recognized as threats since this could send adversaries the message that the program might develop weapons with offensive potential. The study proposes a ``thorough reassessment'' and directing BW defense efforts away from medical protection into physical and chemical protection, possibly on an international basis (ibid.)

US Government to US Citizens. On April 19, federal agents disseminated the irritant agent CS from Army Combat Engineer Vehicles (modified battle tanks) by compressed-air aerosol generators into the Branch Davidian compound, after sending a warning to the leadership. The cultists reportedly had an ample supply of adult-size gas masks (but none for children). The intended message (that mothers should take their children and flee the compound) was apparently not received, and the siege ended in a conflagration and the death of at least 70 persons (CWCB, June, 1993).

Persecuted Civilians to World. The following requests for scientific toxicologic investigation were received by Prof. Aubin Heyndrickx but were impossible to fulfill due to a lack of financial support: Refugees of southern Soudan, war gas of Iraqi origin used by government of Khartoum; Uganda, war gas used on population by government; Tamils in Sri Lanka; population in Georgia; Kurds, shells containing cholera and/or typhus (personal correspondence).

North Korea to US. General Robert Riscassi, commander-in-chief of the South Korean-American Combined Forces Command, warned that a North Korean attack is possible and that if it does come the South will be quickly overrun. His worries are based on the following signals: nearly two-thirds of the war materiel needed by an attacking force has been moved within 60 miles of the border and is mostly secured in deep underground bunkers. A similar portion of the air force and nearly all the artillery needed to support an attack have been moved to forward positions. Eight sites are now capable of producing 4,500 tonnes of CW agents annually. Already stockpiled are 1,000 tonnes of chemical weapons, including sarin, tabun, phosgene, adamsite, mustard gas, and cyanide (Intelligence Digest 5/21/93).

Ukraine to Russia and to World. According to Sergei Stepashin, chairman of the Russian parliament's defense committee, the Ukraine is trying to break the security codes that control ex-Soviet nuclear weapons in order to retarget them. Success will probably require about a year (Intelligence Digest, 6/4/93).

 

The Green Message in Dollars

The 1990 budget for advocacy groups promoting defense of endangered nonhuman species (and subspecies and populations) and of the Planet Itself against human incursions:

Population Research Institute Review May/June 1993

 

Kearny Fallout-Meter Kits

If you haven't yet taken the trouble to gather up the supplies needed to build a Kearny Fallout Meter, you might want to order a kit from Stephen Jones, 1402 South 1000 West, Salt Lake City, UT 84104. The $6 kit contains everything you need, including instructions and cut-out patterns. It will still take several hours to assemble the meter.

 

US Population Explosion

Although human fertility has dropped below replacement levels in the US, many wild species are experiencing a popula-tion explosion. A few examples: white-tailed deer increased by 5,100% between 1900 and 1990, elk by 1.783%, and bison by 2,900% over the same period. Most bird populations are increasing. In particular, robins increased by 1138% between 1941 and 1960, the period of maximum DDT use, though Rachel Carson predicted extinction ``soon'' in 1962. Even bird populations which were decreasing in 1960 have increased since. (Source: extensively referenced set of data compiled by J.R. Dunn of Dunn Corporation.)

Predator populations are also increasing. In 1992, there were 250 cougar sightings reported to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, many in areas where they had never been seen before. A number of human beings have been attacked. Last year, an eight-year-old boy was fatally mauled by a cougar while sitting on the grass at his elementary school playground on Vancouver Island, as his father and a dozen youngsters watched. A janitor shot and killed the animal, but the child died from blood loss. In 1986, a 10-year-old girl was mauled in a park in Orange County, CA. In 1989, a 5-year-old boy was killed by a cougar while riding his tricycle in Montana. In 1992, an 18-year-old high school student was killed by a cougar while out for an evening jog in Idaho Springs, CO.

Various ``animal rights'' groups are trying to stop population control measures (hunting) aimed at predators. The Fund for Animals testified against an Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commis-sion plan for managing cougar populations. On May 31, 1993, a pipe bomb exploded at the USDA Predator Control Office in Portland, OR, sending an anonymous message. In October, 1992, the Animal Liberation Front took credit for causing $110,000 worth of damage in an arson attack on USDA's Predator Ecology Project at Utah State University (People's Bulletin 6/10/93).

 

Boys Sold for $700 in China

One consequence of China's draconian human population control measures is the kidnapping of tens of thousands of boys, aged two to three. Desperate for a son to carry on the family name, a Confucian imperative, Chinese who are not allowed to have their own child buy someone else's.

Although the Ministry of Security says that ``abducting is an ugly phenomenon and it is against the Chinese socialist sys-tem,'' the police are seldom of help. Families must search for their sons themselves. If they find their child, police may force them to reimburse the family who purchased him. One father could not afford to pay the $700 to get his son back (Loretta Tofani, Knight-Ridder Newspapers).

 

Civil Defense System for Sale

The Home Office Emergency Planning Division is trying to dispose of 17 protected communications centers in England and Wales, built during the Cold War. The bunkers will be sold as soon as essential equipment is removed.

Also being dismantled is the national siren system, build to sound an early warning of an attack. There are 56,000 sirens, which cost 3 million annually to maintain.

For more information, contact Richard Pulham, Room 659, Home Office, 50 Queen Anne's Gate, London SW1H 9AT, Tel: 071-273-2513 (Civil Protection).

 

``Production Contingency''

On Kiev's main shopping street, young men sport signs saying ``We made them here, we made them ourselves,'' referring to the SS-24 missiles manufactured at Dniepopetrovsk. These missiles with their nuclear warheads are the proof that the Ukraine is a sovereign nation (Wall St J 6/30/93). We don't make them here in the USA. Rocky Flats has neither produced nuclear components nor reprocessed nuclear weapons since 1989. Three major buildings have been in ``production contingency'' status, with the capability of begin-ning production on three- to five-year notice. The ``restruc-turing'' proposed by Hazel O'Leary would eliminate the contingency (CANDID Comments, April, 1993).